The mechanism known as innate or natural immunization is passed down from parents to offspring in the mother’s womb itself and varies from species to species. The human body has an inbuilt defense system to counter many health related issues and problems, while some other diseases are countered by giving vaccination to the children after their birth.
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Before seeing the vaccination schedule for newborn babies, let’s first understand how a vaccine works.
Vaccination Chart for Newborn Baby:
- Hepatitis B
- OPV vaccine
- DPT vaccine
- Hepatitis A
To download and save the Vaccination Chart for Indian Babies scroll till the end of the article.
Vaccination Chart for Indian Babies (2018)
Use the below chart to keep up to date with all information pertaining to the vaccinations so that your little one doesn’t miss any dose. Here is the Immunization Schedule 2018 for your baby as per latest IAP recommendations –
#1. Vaccinations to be given at birth (Newborn)
- OPV 0
- Hepatitis-B 1
These are some vaccines which have to be given right after the birth of the baby, before it gets discharged from the hospital.
#2. Vaccines for 6 weeks baby (1.5 Month Old)
- IPV 1
- Hepatitis-B 2
- DTP 1
- Rotavirus 1
- Influenza type B (Hib 1)
- PCV 1
Your little one now, has to receive another dose Hepatitis B at the age of 6 weeks. At this age, the baby will also be given the first dose of DTP to prevent against tetanus, pertussis and diphtheria.
The last mentioned vaccines are not compulsory, but you should give it to the baby.
#3. Vaccinations for 10 weeks baby (2.5 Month Old)
- DTP 2
- IPV 2
- Influenza type B (Hib 2)
- Rotavirus 2
- PCV 2
At 10 weeks, the child will get another dose of DTP as well as oral polio vaccine (OPV). The baby will also get the second dose of haemophilus influenzae type B vaccine, rotavirus vaccine, pneumococcal conjugate vaccine and IPV (inactivated polio vaccine).
#4. Vaccines at 14 weeks (3.5 Month Old)
- DTP 3
- IPV 3
- Hib 3
- Rotavirus 3
- PCV 3
Now, take the baby to the clinic for the third dose of DTP vaccine, Haemophilus vaccine, conjugate pneumococcal vaccine, hepatitis B, another dose of oral polio vaccine and IPV.
#5. Vaccinations for 6 Months Old
- OPV 1
- Hep-B 3
#6. Vaccines for 9 months old baby
- OPV 2
- MMR 1
#7. Vaccines for 9-12 months old baby
- Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine
Currently, two typhoid conjugate vaccines, Typbar-TCV and PedaTyph available in Indian market; either can be used.
#8. Vaccinations for one year old baby (12 Month Old)
- Hep-A 1
#9. Vaccines for baby at 1.3 years (15 Month Old)
- PCV Booster
You have to provide the baby with the varicella vaccine at this age. The vaccine is given to protect against chickenpox.
#10. Vaccination for 1.4 years old (16-18 Month Old)
- DTP B1
- IPV B1
- Hib B1
#11. Vaccination for 1.6 year old baby (18 Months Old)
- Hep-A 2
After one year and six months of the birth, another dose of hepatitis A is to be given to the baby.
#12. Vaccination for 2 year old baby (24 Months Old)
- Booster of Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine
A booster dose of Typhoid conjugate vaccine (TCV), if primary dose is given at 9-12 months.
#13. Vaccines for 4-6 years old baby
- DTP B2
- OPV 3
- Varicella 2
- MMR 3
Second dose of Varicella(Chickenpox) can be given at anytime 3 months after the first dose. Thrid dose of MMR is recommended for a 4-6 year old child.
#14. Vaccination for 10-12 years old child
Last and the fine dose for Tdap and first dose of HPV is given to the baby. Second dose of HPV is to be provided to the baby at 11 years. And, here your baby’s immunization gets completed.
Watch video to know about the importance of vaccinations and how vaccines work to prevent your baby from different viruses.
To summarize, as per the latest guidelines, the following are the Mandatory and optional vaccines –
- HiB (haemophilus influenzae type B)
- PCV (Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine)
- IPV (Inactivated Polio Vaccine)
The traditional way to track all these things is to keep a vaccination chart. The smart way is to use a vaccination tracker with Babygogo mobile app.
Apart from these there are some painless vaccinations also. Painless vaccinations are the recent inventions in the field of immunology. Here are top 6 things that you must be aware of about the painless vaccinations
Important Child Vaccination Chart with cost in India
The Indian Government has provided the list of certain vaccines to be mandatorily given to children. These vital vaccines are available at a very low price in government hospitals.
Given below are the vaccinations and their importance with the cost.
|At Birth||Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)||Helps in building immunity against, tuberculosis.||₹10 – ₹25|
|OPV||Essentially crucial to give the OPV vaccine to the baby to fight against Polio (causing paralysis).||₹72 – ₹115|
|Hepatitis B||Helps baby to develop protection against virus affecting liver. Which can cause lifelong infection, cirrhosis.||₹100 – ₹249|
|At 6 Weeks||IPV||Essentially crucial to give the IPV vaccine to the baby to fight against Polio (causing paralysis).||₹72 – ₹115|
|DTP||Provides the baby with the protection against three diseases – pertussis, diphtheria and tetanus.||₹700 – ₹750|
type B (Hib 1)
|Protects the baby from Hib virus.||₹11 – ₹750|
|PCV||Protects against the pneumococcal infections. Meningitis, pneumonia, and certain serious ear infections can be caused by the bacteria.||₹3800 – ₹4800|
|Rotavirus||Prevents the rotavirus infections that include diarrhea along with vomiting and high fever. Decreases the risk of death being caused by diarrhea.||₹900 – ₹1099|
|MMR||Provides immunity against rubella, measles and mumps.||₹70 – ₹499|
|At 9-12 Months||Typhoid||Protects the baby from the typhoid fever. The fever from the disease is quite to be serious for, as it generally gets the baby into an acute illness.||₹290|
|Hepatitis A||Provides protection to the baby from Hepatitis A disease.||₹915 – ₹1210|
|Varicella||The vaccine is also known as a chickenpox vaccine, and protects against the same.|
1 dose prevents about 95% of the moderate diseases and 100% of the severe ones.
|For 10-12 Years old||HPV||Protects against a common virus that can cause vaginal, vulvar, cervical, anal and throat cancer.||₹6000 – ₹8400|
As mentioned in the above video, it is exposing your baby’s body to a certain strain of bacteria or viruses so as to make its immune system develop immunity against such agents. In addition, try to include as many immunity boosting foods for your baby as possible, so that your baby can develop natural immunity against infections.
NOTE – As soon as you find that the baby has been affected by any kind of allergy or anything irritable, do not give another dose of the vaccine, may it be the first dose or consult your baby’s paediatrician for a better advise.
Some babies get the infection after been vaccinated against it. Do not panic, as that would only be the temporary one and will help your baby to build immunity against the particular bacteria or virus.
Things to remember during Vaccination
1. All vaccines are important. Never miss a vaccine for your child. If you miss a vaccine, approach your paediatrician. Sometimes vaccines can still be given, so do not hesitate to contact.
2. In case your child is having fever do not cure it with medicines and inform your doctor before immunization. Your doctor may reschedule.
3. Sometimes Doctors give you option of painful or painless vaccines. Know the difference between painful and painless vaccines to make an informed decision.
4. For some vaccines, it’s normal to get fever for a few days after administering. You can use a sponge bath to reduce the temperature or home remedies also works wonders in case the fever lasts for longer duration. Visit your doctor in case fever persists beyond that.
5. Have another family member or your spouse, assist you to distract and comfort your child while the shot is given. Carry your child’s favourite toy, blanket etc. to comfort them.
6. Sure that, you never want to miss out on a vaccine, how about downloading and saving the complete vaccination chart – This PDF has it all from – what age a vaccine should be given and their importance to their costs.
Write to us in the comments section below if you have any queries regarding kid’s vaccines.